Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the ATM gene is characterised by cerebellar atrophy and progressive neurodegeneration which has been poorly recapitulated in Atm mutant mice.
Here we describe development and characterization of the first cystic fibrosis rat, in which the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR) was knocked out using a pair of zinc finger endonucleases (ZFN).
Crigler-Najjar syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder with severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia due to deficiency of bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isozyme 1A1 (UGT1A1) encoded by the UGT1A1 gene.
Animal models for EA1 include Kcna1-deficient mice, which recessively display severe seizures and die prematurely, and V408A-knock-in mice, which dominantly exhibit stress-induced loss of motor coordination.
It has been reported that various types of axonal injury of hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal tract can result in degeneration of the magnocellular neurons (MCNs) in hypothalamus and development of central diabetes insipidus (CDI).
Mutations of the polycystic kidney and hepatic disease 1 (PKHD1) gene have been shown to cause autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), but the cellular functions of the gene product (PKHD1) remain uncharacterized.
A mutation was characterized in the rat and screening the 66 coding exons of the human ortholog (PKHD1) in 14 probands with ARPKD revealed 6 truncating and 12 missense mutations; 8 of the affected individuals were compound heterozygotes.
The decrease in uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity induced by ethanol predisposes rats to the development of porphyria and accelerates xenobiotic-triggered porphyria, regardless of hepatic damage.