Gene Disease Score gda Association Type Original DB Sentence supporting the association PMID PMID Year
Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited myogenic disorder due to mutations in the dystrophin gene on chromosome Xp21.1. 29304097

2018

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation LHGDN The frequency of deletions was 67.5% in 26 Mexican families with signs of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy/were at the 5'end & in the central region, exons 44 to 52, of the gene. 19173203

2009

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE A missense mutation in the dystrophin gene in a Duchenne muscular dystrophy patient. 8401582

1993

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are caused by various mutations in the dystrophin gene. 17385798

2007

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE In 1987, the dystrophin gene responsible for DMD was cloned. 26094594

2016

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE We analyzed eighteen deletion-prone exons of the gene by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in order to characterize the molecular defects of the dystrophin gene in Korean DMD/BMD families. 12132577

2003

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Novel deletion at the M and P promoters of the human dystrophin gene associated with a Duchenne muscular dystrophy. 12031623

2002

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE The mdx mouse - a Duchenne muscular dystrophy model - was produced by introducing a point mutation in the dystrophin gene. 18489762

2009

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Molecular genetic and immunological analysis of dystrophin of a young patient with X-linked muscular dystrophy. 1605252

1992

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Duchenne muscular dystrophy or Becker muscular dystrophy might be a suitable candidate disease for application of next-generation sequencing in the genetic diagnosis because the complex mutational spectrum and the large size of the dystrophin gene require two or more analytical methods and have a high cost. 21969337

2012

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE The family of a male with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and a deletion within the dystrophin gene has been studied. 8168831

1994

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation LHGDN This study describe a case of female Becker muscular dystrophy with 45, X/46, X, r (X), carrying an out-of-frame deletion in a nonhot-spot region of the DMD gene. 18639760

2008

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE We have studied 30 French patients with X-linked muscular dystrophy of the Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) types for intragenic deletions, using the cDNA probes of the DMD/BMD gene. 2610487

1990

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Dystrophin localizes at the X chromosome, whose mutations might result in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Becker muscular dystrophy and X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy. 18562127

2008

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE This X-linked recessive myopathy has been localized to Xp21, as has the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene locus, which codes for dystrophin. 2260862

1991

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Local intramuscular administration of the antisense oligonucleotide PRO051 in patients with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy with relevant mutations was previously reported to induce the skipping of exon 51 during pre-messenger RNA splicing of the dystrophin gene and to facilitate new dystrophin expression in muscle-fiber membranes. 21428760

2011

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Although the patient has a severe muscular clinical phenotype, consistent with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the diagnosis of Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) was proposed based on family history (brother with BMD) and confirmed by muscle immunohistochemistry, and molecular study shown an in-frame DMD gene mutation. 19875288

2010

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the most common hereditary degenerative neuromuscular diseases and caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. 24100172

2014

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE In the dystrophin-mutant mdx mouse, an animal model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), damaged skeletal muscles are efficiently regenerated and thus the animals thrive. 15111323

2004

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation CLINVAR Interplay between DMD point mutations and splicing signals in Dystrophinopathy phenotypes. 23536893

2013

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Using denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) screening and direct sequencing, 86 PCR amplicons of genomic DNA from the dystrophin gene were screened for mutations in eight patients diagnosed with DMD who had tested negative for large DNA rearragements. 11710958

2003

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE In order to test this hypothesis, deletional mutations in 59 patients confirmed to have DMD and 11 BMD patients were analysed using multiplex polymerase chain reaction and Southern hybridization with dystrophin cDNA probes. 9029833

1997

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Fetal muscle cDNA clones covering at least 11.4 kb of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene sequence were used to identify a deletion-prone region in DNA from DMD and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients. 3410474

1988

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Antisense oligonucleotide (AO) manipulation of pre-mRNA splicing of the dystrophin gene is showing promise in overcoming Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)-causing mutations. 16919955

2006

Entrez Id: 1756
Gene Symbol: DMD
DMD
CUI: C0013264
Disease: Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
1.000 GeneticVariation BEFREE Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic disease characterized by progressive muscle degeneration due to mutations in the dystrophin gene. 26358775

2016