The authors observed evidence of interactions between PhIP and RCC susceptibility variants in 2 genes: inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor, type 2 (ITPR2) (rs718314; multiplicative P for interaction = .03 and additive P for interaction =.002) and endothelial PAS domain-containing protein 1 (EPAS1) (rs7579899; additive P for interaction =.06).
Herein, we provide mechanistic evidence that HIF-2α can be degraded in cytoplasm under hypoxic conditions via the 26S proteasome and that MDM2 is the E3 ligase which induces the hypoxic degradation of HIF-2α in PI-3K-dependent manner in VHL-deficient RCC cells.
To investigate the oncolytic efficacy of a highly virulent (velogenic) Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in the presence or absence of HIF-2α, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines with defective or reconstituted wild-type (wt) von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) activity were used.
Because loss of PTEN can activate mTOR and mTOR inhibitors are Food and Drug Administration approved to treat renal cell carcinoma, these agents have clinical potential in renal cell carcinoma associated with Cowden syndrome.
Another variant (rs701848) in the 3'UTR region of PTEN was associated with increased RCC risk (P = 0.014, OR = 1.45, 95%CI = 1.08-1.96, CC vs. TT); however, the association was not significant after adjusting for multiple comparisons.
In follow-up of a recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) that identified a locus in chromosome 2p21 associated with risk for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), we conducted a fine mapping analysis of a 120 kb region that includes EPAS1.