To probe for a function of ABCA7 in vivo, we crossed Abca7(-/-) mice with J20 mice, an amyloidogenic transgenic AD mouse model [B6.Cg-Tg(PDGFB-APPSwInd)20Lms/J] expressing a mutant form of human APP bearing both the Swedish (K670N/M671L) and Indiana (V717F) familial AD mutations.
Here we show that the Humanin signaling pathway via htHNR/JAKs/STAT3 increased the expression levels of mRNA and protein of Apollon/Bruce, an unusual member of the inhibitors of apoptosis proteins, and that overexpression of Apollon/Bruce inhibits neuronal death, caused by a London-type familial AD-linked mutant (V642I) of amyloid β precursor protein.
An early-onset AD transgenic mouse model expressing the double-mutant form of human amyloid precursor protein (APP); Swedish (K670N/M671L) and Indiana (V717F), corroborated in vitro findings by showing lower levels of Aβ and amyloid plaques in the brain, when they were fed a low fat diet enriched in DHA.
To investigate the regulatory genes responsible for the neuropathology in AD, we performed microarray analysis with APP(V717I)-CT100 transgenic mice, an animal model of AD, and isolated the S100a9 gene, which encodes an inflammation-associated calcium binding protein.
Further, overexpression of the SUMO E2 enzyme ubc9 along with SUMO-1 results in decreased levels of Abeta aggregates in cells transfected with the familial Alzheimer's disease-associated V642F mutant APP, indicating the potential of up-regulating activity of the cellular sumoylation machinery as an approach against Alzheimer's disease.
Levels of both APP-BP1 and Rab5 are elevated in early endosomes in cortical embryonic neurons expressing APP(V642I) or APP-BP1, in cultured skin fibroblast cells from Down syndrome subjects, and in postmortem hippocampal tissue of individuals with AD.
In a "combined" model, expressing both tau(V337M) and the familial amyloid precursor protein AD mutation APP(V717I) in a CT100 fragment, age-dependent tau phosphorylation occurred at the same sites and was significantly augmented compared to "single" tau(V337M) mice.
We report the effects of amyloid precursor protein (APP) fragment 714-723 (APP(714-723); peptide P1) and its V717F and V717G mutants (peptides P2 and P3, respectively) on G-protein activity ([35S]GTPgammaS binding) in membranes from postmortem human control and Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains.
Transgenic mice over-expressing a mutated form of the human amyloid precursor protein (APP, 695 isoform) bearing a mutation associated with Alzheimer's disease (V642I, so-called London mutation, hereafter APPLd2) and wild-type controls were studied at age periods (3 and 10 months) prior to the overt development of neuritic amyloid plaques.
Here we report on a transgenic mouse line, named Tg-APP (Sw, V717F)/B6, that expresses the human amyloid precursor protein (APP) containing the Swedish and the V717F Indiana mutations in the brains of inbred C57BL/6 mice, designed to eliminate the potential phenotypic variations attributed to the compound genetic backgrounds adopted in most AD mouse models.
Here, we report that both lithium as well as valproic acid (VPA) inhibit beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) production in HEK293 cells stably transfected with Swedish amyloid precursor protein (APP)(751) and in the brains of the PDAPP (APP(V717F)) Alzheimer's disease transgenic mouse model at clinically relevant plasma concentrations.
The EFRH phage evoked effective auto-immune antibodies in amyloid precursor protein [V717I] (APP[V717I]) transgenic mice that recapitulate the amyloid plaques and vascular pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD).
The PDAPP transgenic mouse overexpresses human amyloid precursor protein V717F (PDAPP minigene) and develops age-related cerebral amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) deposits similar to senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease.
We conclude that this familial AD may originate from the missense mutation 717Val --> Ile in the amyloid precursor protein gene and that the clinical picture is typical of AD, except for normal-pressure hydrocephalus and psychiatric phenomena.