Our previous study showed that 5-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)-4-methyl-2-(p-tolyl) imidazol (BZML) is not a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate and has a potent anticancer effect against paclitaxel -sensitive or -resistant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in vitro and in vivo.
In conclusion, the results can be used to better understand the expression control of MDR1 and may allow for the establishment of new cancer chemistry strategies that will control P-gp expression in NSCLC.
In this study, the activity of three new sulfocoumarins was evaluated in three sensitive and corresponding multidrug resistant cancer cell lines with increased P-glycoprotein expression (non-small cell lung carcinoma, colorectal carcinoma and glioblastoma).
For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, those harboring ABCB1 2677 and 3435 site wild-type patients had longer median progression-free survival (PFS) in the paclitaxel subgroup (3435 site: TT 3.87 vs. TC 9.50 vs. CC 14.13 months; P < 0.001; 2677 site: TT 4.37 vs. TG 9.73 vs. GG 12.1 months; P = 0.013).
Furthermore, some Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients who are undergoing primary chemotherapy have a rapid increase of ABCB1 protein in their monocytes, and this is obviously associated with poor chemotherapeutic efficacy.
This study aimed to investigate the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) and multidrug resistance-1 (MDR1) in tumor tissue samples and the chemoresistant human NSCLC cell lines, H460/DDP and A549/DDP, and in a murine A549/DDP tumor xenograft.
Our data demonstrate that CHD1L could induce cisplatin resistance in NSCLC via c-Jun-ABCB1-NF-κB axis, and may serve as a novel predictive marker and the potential therapeutic target for cisplatin resistance in NSCLC.
Eleven Hsp90 inhibitors containing an isoxazolonaphtoquinone core were synthesized and evaluated in two MDR models comprised of sensitive and corresponding resistant cancer cells with P-gp overexpression (human non-small cell lung carcinoma and colorectal adenocarcinoma).
The results of the present study indicated that β-ELE could reverse drug resistance in erlotinib-resistant human NSCLC A549/ER cells <i>in vitro</i> through a mechanism that may involve the decreased expression of P-gp, inhibition of P-gp dependent drug efflux and the increased intracellular concentration of anticancer drugs.
These variants were mainly involved in DNA repair (EXCC1, XPA, XPD, XPG, XRCC1 and XRCC3), drug influx and efflux (MDR1), metabolism and detoxification (GSTP1) and DNA synthesis (MTHFR), and might be considered as potential prognostic biomarkers for assessing objective response and progression risk in NSCLC patients receiving platinum-based regimens.
Here, we assessed relationships between CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) gene expression levels and expression levels of the drug resistance-related genes ABCB1 and ABCC1, and tested the potential of CXCR4 and FAK inhibitors to reverse doxorubicin (DOX) resistance and to decrease the invasive capacity of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells.
The expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and lung resistance-related protein (LRP) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and mutations in EGFR (exons 19 and 21) and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) (exon 2) were detected by high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) of surgical NSCLC specimens from 127 patients who did not undergo traditional chemotherapy or radiotherapy.