This study aims to evaluate cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection/disease in patients with IBD treated with anti-TNFα; if possible, possible risk factors associated with CMV infection/disease in IBD patients under anti-TNFα as well as the influence of CMV infection/disease in IBD course would be determined.
In multivariate analysis, the IL1B rs16944 TT and TNFrs1799964 TC genotypes were significantly associated with intrauterine CMV infection (aOR = 2.32; 95% CI, 1.11-4.89; p = 0.032, and aOR = 2.17, 95% CI, 1.25-3.77; p = 0.007, respectively).
Studies reported an immunological response in pregnant women with primary HCMV infection and TLR2 activity in collecting of HCMV particles in placental syncytiotrophoblasts (STs) in vivo and cultured ST, and in stimulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α expression and damage of villous trophoblast.
IL-10 -1082 A>G, -592 A>C; TNF-α -308 A>G; and IFN-γ +874 A>T gene polymorphisms were studied in 247 Hispanic RTRs (52 RTRs with CMV infection and 195 without CMV infection), using DNA-based polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers and restriction.
This study investigated the effects of CMV infection on expression of the chemokine MCP-1 (CCL2) and cytokine TNF-α in placentae from naturally infected stillborn babies, and compared these changes with those found in placental villous explant histocultures acutely infected with CMV ex vivo.
We only observed a weak association between cumulative low levels of the percentage of TNF-alpha producing CD8+ T cells before CMV infection and its occurrence just afterwards (HR=1.39 for 1000 unit lower, P=0.04).
To explore a possible role for viral genes as determinants of virulence, portions of the UL144 tumor necrosis factor-like receptor gene and the UL55 envelope glycoprotein B gene from 42 patients with congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection or other diseases were sequenced.
Here, we show that HCMV infection also prevents external signaling to the cell by disrupting the function of TNFRI, the 55-kDa receptor for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), one of the receptors for a potent cytokine involved in eliciting a wide spectrum of cellular responses, including antiviral responses.
Secretion by peripheral blood mononuclear cells is increased if they are cultured with host fibroblasts infected with CMV in vitro and the levels of gamma IFN and TNF produced are within the range that protects fresh fibroblasts from CMV infection.