This study confirms the Q455K substitution in the COL8A2 gene as being sufficient to cause FECD in the first mouse model of this disease and supports the role of the UPR and UPR-associated apoptosis in the pathogenesis of FECD caused by COL8A2 mutations.
These findings suggest that increased expression levels of ZEB1 and Snail1 in FECD cells were responsible for an increased responsiveness to TGF-β present in the aqueous humor and excessive production of ECM.
The absence of pathogenic mutations identified in the COL8A1 or COL8A2 genes in affected members of 15 pedigrees with familial FECD indicates that other genetic factors are involved in the development of this autosomal dominant corneal dystrophy.
This is the first report of genetic variations in ZEB1 and TCF4 SNP rs613872 in patients with FECD from northern India that suggests a possible role in disease pathogenesis and the regulation of endothelial cell density.
Transethnic replication of the association between the CTG18.1 repeat expansion in the TCF4 gene and FECD suggests it is a common, causal variant shared in Eurasian populations conferring significant risk for the development of FECD.
A CTG18.1 trinucleotide repeat in TCF4 correlates with increased severity in Fuchs dystrophy; however, quantitative estimates of increased transplantation risk, including effects of age and sex, are unclear.
We tested for an association between an intronic TGC trinucleotide repeat in TCF4 and FECD by determining repeat length in 66 affected participants with severe FECD and 63 participants with normal corneas in a 3-stage discovery/replication/validation study.