The coding regions of known FECD susceptibility genes collagen, type VIII, alpha 2 (COL8A2); solute carrier family 4, sodium borate transporter, member 11 (SLC4A11); and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1 [also known as TCF8]) were Sanger sequenced in the 47 probands using DNA isolated from blood samples.
The present study used a transgenic Col8a2(Q455K/Q455K) knock-in mouse model of early-onset FECD to identify the endothelial expression profile of specific cellular stress response-related targets, which may be relevant to late-onset FECD.
This study confirms the Q455K substitution in the COL8A2 gene as being sufficient to cause FECD in the first mouse model of this disease and supports the role of the UPR and UPR-associated apoptosis in the pathogenesis of FECD caused by COL8A2 mutations.
To perform a genome-wide linkage screen with a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) linkage panel to identify regions of genetic linkage in Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) and to analyze affected individuals for mutations in the COL8A2 gene.
The absence of pathogenic mutations identified in the COL8A1 or COL8A2 genes in affected members of 15 pedigrees with familial FECD indicates that other genetic factors are involved in the development of this autosomal dominant corneal dystrophy.