The variant homozygote and heterozygote genotype of rs9005 in IL-1RN were significantly associated with increased risks of GC (ORadjusted [95%CI]: 1.71[1.04-2.81] and ORadjusted[95%CI]: 1.36 [1.04-1.78]).
So, our results indicated that the IL-1RN*2 allele may increase the risk of gastric cancer and precancerous lesions in the Southeast Brazilian population, reinforcing the importance of host genetic factors in the susceptibility to gastric cancer and the participation of cytokines in both the inflammation and the carcinogenic process.
The data from the current study demonstrated that the genotype CC or CT of IL-1B-31, TT or CT of IL-1B-511, and 2L of IL-1RN increased risk of gastric cancer in this Chinese population and the risk was further enhanced by H. pylori.
These cytokine gene polymorphisms, as well as those of IL-1B, IL-1RN and TNF-A, may be used to identify groups at higher risk of gastric cancer and peptic ulcer, and those suitable for their prevention by H. pylori eradication therapy in Western populations.
Atrophic body gastritis patients harbouring the wild type of IL-1B-511/IL-1RN polymorphisms were not different from those harbouring the proinflammatory pattern as far as regards gender, age, gastric cancer family history and metaplastic atrophy.
The age-sex-adjusted odds ratios (OR) for the IL-1B-511 T genotype relative to the C/C genotype (OR = 0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.41-1.65), IL-1RN*2 genotype relative to the L/L genotype (OR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.41-1.78), and IL-2-330 T genotype relative to the G/G genotype (OR = 1.94, 95% CI 0.76-4.96) were not increased in GC.
Multivariate regression analysis showed that cagE, babA2, and IL-1RN-1/2 genotypes were independent predictors of GC, but when patients with benign disorders were grouped together (NUD + DU) and compared with patients with GC, regression analysis disclosed that babA2 (P = 0.000) and IL-1B-31 gene polymorphisms (CC or CT) (P = 0.01) were the only independent markers of GC.
A comprehensive analysis of 207 SNP of 11 cytokine genes revealed that variations in IL-4 and IL-1RN genes are negatively associated with the risk of developing gastric cancer following H. pylori infection.
Three hundred and ninety-nine patients with gastroduodenal diseases (129 chronic gastritis, 127 duodenal ulcer and 143 non-cardiac gastric cancer) and 264 healthy controls were genotyped for IL-1B-511 and IL-1RN gene polymorphisms by the PCR-RFLP method.