In light of the differences in gene expression and metabolic function of visceral (V) and subcutaneous (S) adipose tissue (AT) and their resident cells, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of SIRT1 and SIRT2 in the differentiation of adipose stem cells (ASCs) isolated from SAT and VAT biopsies of nondiabetic obese and nonobese individuals.
In elafibranor-treated HFD mice, increased insulin sensitivity, reduced obesity and body fat mass, decreased severity of steatohepatitis, increased renal expression of PPAR<i>α</i>, PPAR<i>δ</i>, SIRT1, and autophagy (Beclin-1 and LC3-II) as well as glomerular/renal tubular barrier markers [synaptopodin (podocyte marker), zona occludin-1, and cubulin], reduced renal oxidative stress and caspase-3, and less urinary 8-isoprostanes excretion were observed.
To investigate the effects of obesity caused by high-fat diet (HFD) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and expression of the Sirt1/PGC-1α/FNDC5/BDNF pathway in the hippocampus of older mice.
In this study, we investigated the role of SIRT1 in the development of obesity and insulin resistance by generating mice with adipose-specific ablation of <i>Sirt1</i> (Ad-<i>Sirt1</i><sup>-/-</sup> mice).
Thereby, we posited that enhanced EnNaC activation contributes to diet induced obesity related increases in stiffness of the endothelium and diminished NO mediated vascular relaxation by increasing oxidative stress and related inhibition of AMPKα, Sirt1, and associated eNOS inactivation.
Conclusion: Peripheral CB<sub>1</sub> R blockade in mice with obesity improves glycemic control through the hepatic Sirt1/mTORC2/Akt pathway, whereas it increases fatty acid oxidation through LKB1/AMPK signaling.
In this review, we will first summarize how SIRT1 in the brain relates to obesity, type 2 diabetes, and circadian synchronization, and then we discuss the neuroprotective roles of brain SIRT1 in the context of cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative disorders.
In mesenteric white adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, the administration of SM activated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), leading to the suppression of the development of pathophysiological mechanism associated with obesity, including promoted lipid synthesis and blocked lipid oxidation.
The effects of green cardamom on blood glucose indices, lipids, inflammatory factors, paraxonase-1, sirtuin-1, and irisin in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and obesity: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.