While the majority of these were located in intergenic regions or in a locus on chromosome 16 near and in the NPIPL1 and SH2B1 genes (best SNP: rs4788101, p = 2.1E-24), five were located in the ETV5 gene (best SNP: rs1516725, p = 1E-24), which was previously associated with both BD and obesity, and one in the RPGRIP1L gene (rs1477199, p = 5.7E-09), which was also included in the Signaling by Hedgehog pathway.
An understanding of this expanded peptide recognition will allow for the identification of novel physiologically relevant SH2B1/peptide interactions, which can contribute to the design of obesity and diabetes pharmaceuticals to target the ligand-binding interface of SH2B1 with high specificity.
In the meta-analysis of 42 studies for 11 obesity/BMI-associated loci, we observed a statistically significant association of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism (66 425 T2D cases/239 689 normoglycaemic subjects; P = 1·00 × 10(-41) ) and six other variants with T2D risk (17 915 T2D cases/27 531 normoglycaemic individuals: n = 40 629-130 001; all P < 0·001 for SH2B1rs7498665, FAIM2 rs7138803, TMEM18 rs7561317, GNPDA2 rs10938397, BDNF rs925946 and NEGR1 rs2568958).
Inversion alleles strongly correlate with expression levels of neighboring genes, especially TUFM (p = 3.0 × 10(-40)) that encodes a mitochondrial protein regulator of energy balance and inhibitor of type 1 interferon, and other candidates for asthma (IL27) and obesity (APOB48R and SH2B1).
The mean systolic blood pressure was lowered and concentrations of HDL-cholesterol increased significantly.The obesity risk alleles of non-synonymous SNPs at SH2B1 and APOB48R have no strong effect on weight loss-related phenotypes in overweight children after a 1-year lifestyle intervention.
Of five studied variants, only two (SEC16B rs10913469, SH2B1rs4788102) were nominally associated with indices of adiposity and obesity risk in girls and only SEC16B rs10913469 in children at puberty (p < 0·05), while no statistical associations was found for three other variants (PCSK1rs6235, KCTD15 rs29941, BAT2 rs2844479).
We genotyped obesity risk single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) derived from genome-wide association studies in or in proximity to the following genes: NEGR1, TNKS, SDCCAG8, FTO, MC4R, TMEM18, PTER, MTCH2, SH2B1, MAF, NPC1, and KCTD15.