To study the influence of obesity, mice were challenged with high-fat diet for 22 wk, and LPL was studied after an overnight fast compared with fasted mice given food for 3 h. High-fat diet caused blunting of the normal adaptation of LPL activity to feeding/fasting in adipose tissue, but in kidneys this adaptation was lost only in male mice.
We retrospectively reviewed a total of 100 obese patients who were treated for obesity and had preheparin LPL levels measured before and 12 months after LSG or after 12 months of nonsurgical treatment.
Among genetic factors that contributed to incidence of metabolic syndrome, Polymorphisms of Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) are major candidates especially because of their effect on obesity and dyslipidemia.
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity is considered the rate-limiting step of very-low-density-lipoprotein triglycerides (VLDL-TG) tissue storage, and has been suggested to relate to the development of obesity as well as insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
The human lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a therapeutic target for obesity, and inhibition of LPL with the approved small molecule agent orlistat has been widely used in clinic to treat obesity-related health problems such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Obese subjects had a significantly (P<0.05) higher level of triglyceride (TG), blood pressure, waist-circumference and fasting-blood-glucose, and lower level of HDL-C. LPL and CETP polymorphisms were not associated with obesity in our population.
Rather, there was selective induction of PPARγ-regulated genes such as adiponectin in the adipose of the Adipoq-LPL mice, suggesting that increasing adipose tissue LPL improves glucose metabolism in diet-induced obesity by improving the adipose tissue phenotype.
Pre-existing maternal obesity and GDM are associated with decreased expression in genes involved in fatty acid uptake and intracellular transport (LPL, FATP2, FATP6, FABPpm and ASCL1), triacylglyceride (TAG) biosynthesis (MGAT1,7 MGAT2 and DGAT1), lipogenesis (FASN) and lipolysis (PNPLA2, HSL and MGLL).
No significant differences were found between the non-deficient LPL cases and the controls in terms of obesity, diabetes, alcohol consumption, drug therapy, gender distribution, evidence of fasting chylomicronaemia, lipid levels, LPL activity and mass, hepatic lipase activity, CII and CIII mass or apo E polymorphisms.
Overall, LPL is a fascinating enzyme that contributes in a pronounced way to normal lipoprotein metabolism, tissue-specific substrate delivery and utilization, and the many aspects of obesity and other metabolic disorders that relate to energy balance, insulin action, and body weight regulation.
Two statistical methods were performed to test the effect of T+495G polymorphism of LPL gene on the relation between central obesity and lipid levels: one was the generalized estimating equation model for all twin pairs and the other was co-twin matched case-control analysis in 82 central obesity discordant monozygotic twin pairs.
Assuming that the variants in the promoter of the LPL gene may be associated with changes in lipid metabolism leading to obesity and type 2 diabetes, we examined the role of promoter variants (-T93G and -G53C) in the LPL gene in an urban South Indian population.