Our aim was to identify whether the obesity-susceptible gene variants (rs9939609, rs9930506, and rs4783819 in fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO); rs12970134 and rs17782313 in melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R); and rs7566605, rs13428113, and rs9308762 in insulin-induced gene 2 [INSIG2]) were associated with NAFLD.
Among the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously reported to be associated with body mass index (BMI) and obesity, we focus on a common risk variant rs7566605 upstream of the insulin-induced gene 2 (INSIG2) gene and a rare protective variant rs2229616 on the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in or near the insulin-induced gene 2 (INSIG-2), fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO), melanocortin 4 receptor gene (MC4R), and proprotein convertase subtilisn/kexin type 1 gene (PCSK-1) have been associated with class III obesity in whites.
9 SNPs in biological candidate genes showing replications (PPARG, ADRB3, ADRB2, LEPR, GNB3, UCP3, ADIPOQ, UCP2, and NR3C1), and 17 SNPs in or near genes associated with obesity in first, second and third wave GWAS (INSIG2, FTO, MC4R, TMEM18, FAIM2/BCDIN3, BDNF, SH2B1, GNPDA2, NEGR1, KCTD15, SEC16B/RASAL2, NPC1, SFRF10/ETV5, MAF, PRL, MTCH2, and PTER) were genotyped in 1,156 unrelated Mexican-Mestizos including 683 cases (441 obese class I/II and 242 obese class III) and 473 normal-weight controls.
A total of 1,001 white individuals with extreme obesity (BMI >35 kg/m(2)) who underwent a preoperative diet/behavioral weight loss intervention and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery were genotyped for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in or near the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO), insulin induced gene 2 (INSIG2), melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 1 (PCSK1) obesity genes.
Previous studies have suggested some candidate genes for obesity- and metabolic-related traits, including the insulin-induced gene (INSIG2), melanocortin 4 receptor gene (MC4R), and leptin and leptin receptor genes (LEP and LEPR).
Although INSIG2 polymorphisms do not consistently associate with BMI, the observation of an association with glucose concentration would support a role for this gene in the metabolic complications of obesity.
In a whole-genome scan, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs7566605) upstream of the insulin-induced gene 2 (INSIG2) was shown to influence body mass index and obesity in the Framingham Heart Study, with replication of these results in an additional 4 of 5 studies.
Hence, we investigated the association of the INSIG2rs7566605 polymorphism with obesity- and lipid-related traits in Danish and Estonian children (930 boys and 1,073 girls) from the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS), a school-based, cross-sectional study of pre- and early pubertal children.
One particularly interesting single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs7566605, located 10 kb upstream of INSIG2 was reported to have the strongest association with obesity among 86 604 SNP, while the relationship with dyslipidaemia is uncertain.
Although rs7566605 was not significantly associated with obesity in our study population, we can not rule out the involvement of INSIG2 in obesity related traits as we found significant association of another tagSNP in INSIG2 with both BMI and ABDCIR.