Thus, the present study suggests that PCB-138-induced LD enlargement endows adipocytes with resistance to TNF-α-induced cell death and that Fsp27, perilipin, and survivin, at least in part, help adipocytes to sustain enlarged LDs, contributing to the induction of obesity.
Here, we aimed to investigate lipid droplet protein (CIDEC/FSP27 and perilipinA (PLIN1)) gene expression in human adipose tissue in association with obesity, insulin resistance and mitochondrial gene expression.
Since obesity plays an important role in the etiology of PCOS, we sought to determine if variants in the perilipin gene (PLIN), a gene previously implicated in the development of obesity, were also associated with PCOS.
Our results show: (1) A strong association between rs9939609 SNP of the FTO gene variant and obesity in Spanish morbidly obese adult patients; (2) positive correlations between FTO mRNA and leptin, perilipin, and visfatin gene expressions in subcutaneous adipose tissue; (3) FTO and perilipin gene expressions were positively correlated in visceral fat depot.
Since the haplotype of the minor alleles PLIN1-4, PLIN5-7 and PLIN6, was related to body-weight regulation at a lower level of body-weight in the men as well in the women we conclude that the PLIN1-4, 6, and 5-7 locus appears as a genetic influencer of obesity risk in humans.
Some studies shown that lower level of perilipin protein was displayed in obese than lean subjects and polymorphisms in PLIN were associated with obesity in American and Spanish white women as well as in Korean .
These findings support an important role for PLIN as a candidate gene for obesity risk in humans as well as a modulator of dietary response to therapies aimed to reduce body weight and decrease metabolic syndrome risk.