In addition to having congenital dysmorphic features, the child developed multiple DICER1 syndrome-related tumors before age 5 y: a pediatric cystic nephroma (pCN), a ciliary body medulloepithelioma (CBME), and a small lung cyst (consistent with occult pleuropulmonary blastoma Type I/Ir cysts seen in DICER1 mutation carriers).
Decreased Disp-1 expression during diaphragmatic development and lung branching morphogenesis may interrupt mesenchymal cell proliferation, thus leading to diaphragmatic defects and PH in the nitrofen-induced CDH model.
Mutations in ephrin-B1, a membrane protein that is expressed by mesenchymal cells, have been found in newborn infants with CDH and associated pulmonary hypoplasia (PH), highlighting its important role during diaphragmatic and airway development.
The purpose of this study was to determine protein and gene expression of EGF and TGF-alpha in CDH lung in order to elucidate the potential role of these growth factors in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia in CDH.
We investigated EGFR and KRAS alterations among atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and small lung adenocarcinomas with bronchioloalveolar features to understand their role during multistage pathogenesis.
The therapeutic landscape of Non Small Lung Cancer (NSCLC) has been profoundly changed over the last decade with the clinical introduction of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and the discovery of EGFR activating mutations as the major predictive factor to these agents.
Our results reveal the suppressed EPO synthesis in the CDH fetus, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of lung hypoplasia and modification of pulmonary vasculature in the CDH rat model.Pediatr Pulmonol.2017;52:606-615.
We report a case of recurrent oligohydramnios in a mother with an ErbB4 mutation and speculate that the effects on the placenta through decreased vascularization contributed to oligohdyramnios and subsequent pulmonary hypoplasia in the newborn.