We report a case of recurrent oligohydramnios in a mother with an ErbB4 mutation and speculate that the effects on the placenta through decreased vascularization contributed to oligohdyramnios and subsequent pulmonary hypoplasia in the newborn.
The decrease in TTF-1 mRNA levels in lung hypoplasia is paralleled by a down-regulation of TTF-1 protein levels, as well as by a decrease in the TTF-1/DNA complex when the TTF-1-binding site of the SP-B promoter was used as a probe.
Our results reveal the suppressed EPO synthesis in the CDH fetus, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of lung hypoplasia and modification of pulmonary vasculature in the CDH rat model.Pediatr Pulmonol.2017;52:606-615.
In addition to having congenital dysmorphic features, the child developed multiple DICER1 syndrome-related tumors before age 5 y: a pediatric cystic nephroma (pCN), a ciliary body medulloepithelioma (CBME), and a small lung cyst (consistent with occult pleuropulmonary blastoma Type I/Ir cysts seen in DICER1 mutation carriers).
Our results suggest that oxidative damage may be play a important role in patients with N-SCLC, and that GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes may predispose the cells of patients with N-SCLC to increased oxidative damage.
Decreased Disp-1 expression during diaphragmatic development and lung branching morphogenesis may interrupt mesenchymal cell proliferation, thus leading to diaphragmatic defects and PH in the nitrofen-induced CDH model.
The purpose of this study was to determine protein and gene expression of EGF and TGF-alpha in CDH lung in order to elucidate the potential role of these growth factors in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia in CDH.
In CDH, consistent with previous studies, our review shows magnetic resonance imaging as a better survival predictor followed by the 3D and 2D methods, while 2D-LHR was the more precise prognosticator correlating prenatal PH, survival at birth, and the need for neonatal respiratory support.
Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) is a transcription factor in the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily, and targeted ablation of COUP-TFII causes CDH and associated lung hypoplasia in mice.
Interestingly, prenatal dexamethasone (Dex) treatment increased both TTF-1 and SP-B mRNAs over control levels when administered to rats with lung hypoplasia, but it had no effect on TTF-1 or a moderate effect on SP-B mRNA when administered to control rats.
In conclusion, we have uncovered novel roles of the mesenchyme-specific Tgf-β1 ligand in embryonic mouse lung development and generated a mouse model that may prove helpful to identify some of the key pathogenic mechanisms underlying lung hypoplasia in humans.
It was shown that loss of NFIA results in hydrocephalus and agenesis of the corpus callosum and that NFIB deficiency leads to neurological defects and to severe lung hypoplasia, whereas Nfic knockout mice exhibit specific tooth defects.
Confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy revealed strikingly diminished Fstl1 immunofluorescence and SP-C expression in distal alveolar epithelium of nitrofen-exposed fetuses with CDH-associated PH on D18 and D21 compared to controls.
Our objective is to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of the glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 genes (GSTM1 and GSTT1) and evaluate oxidative damage in patients with non-small lung cancer (N-SCLC).
Loss of ERK3 protein was validated after deletion of Erk3 in the female germ line using zona pellucida 3 (Zp3)-<i>cre</i> and a clear reduction of the protein kinase MK5 is detected, providing the first evidence for the existence of the ERK3/MK5 signaling complex <i>in vivo</i> In contrast to the previously reported Erk3 knockout phenotype, these mice are viable and fertile and do not displaypulmonary hypoplasia, acute respiratory failure, abnormal T-cell development, reduction of thymocyte numbers, or altered T-cell selection.