Several molecular pathways are implicated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) pathogenesis, including von Hippel--Lindau (VHL) gene inactivation leading to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression.
These findings provide further evidence that genetic variation at HIF-binding sites modulates the oncogenic transcriptional output of the VHL-HIF axis and provide a functional explanation for the disease-associated effects of SNPs in ccRCC.
Inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau tumour suppressor in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) leads to failure of proteolytic regulation of the alpha subunits of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), constitutive upregulation of the HIF complex, and overexpression of HIF target genes.
Role of transforming growth factor-alpha in von Hippel--Lindau (VHL)(-/-) clear cell renal carcinoma cell proliferation: a possible mechanism coupling VHL tumor suppressor inactivation and tumorigenesis.
This association of a proposed occupational cause and occurrence of renal-cell carcinoma emphasizes the availability and use of VHL sequencing for both studying the pathophysiology of malignant transformation and potentially playing a clinical role in genetic counseling or risk assessment.
VHL status was assessed in 20 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma and 9 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma by DNA sequencing and by immunohistochemical staining for the hypoxia-inducible factor-alpha target gene products CA9 and GLUT-1.
The availability of a RCC cell line from a VHL patient would be useful in studies comparing sporadic RCC with RCC resulting from VHL syndrome; and for determining the relationship or interaction of the RCC gene with the VHL gene to produce a common tumor type.
This is especially so in phenotypically variable diseases, such as von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL). vHL is caused by germline mutations in the VHL gene, which predispose to the development of multiple tumors such as central nervous system hemangioblastomas and renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Additionally, a new similarity-based multi-objective optimization algorithm (SMO) was developed for training the MCMO to predict ccRCC related gene mutations (VHL, PBRM1 and BAP1) using quantitative CT features.
Chromosome 3p may therefore contain two loci for renal cell carcinoma: one gene (or genes) in 3p13-p14 and the VHL gene in 3p25-p26, whose aberration is also associated with other typical manifestations of VHL.
Although hypermethylation of the VHL gene has been reported previously in nonfamilial RCC and although methylation of tumor-suppressor genes has been implicated in the pathogenesis of other sporadic cancers, this is the first report of somatic methylation in a familial cancer syndrome.
We genotyped 70 genes involved in the pathogenesis of renal-cell carcinoma (including the VHL/HIF/VEGF and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways, and genes involved in immune regulation and metabolism) for single nucleotide polymorphisms.
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene status, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) or stem cell factor receptor (KIT) expression, and their relationships with characteristics and clinical outcome of advanced ccRCC.
As the identification of novel pVHL targets might provide insights into pVHL tumour suppressor activity, we performed gene expression microarray analysis in VHL-wild-type and VHL-null renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines.