In the p53 wild-type breast cancer cell line MCF-7, FAM53A overexpression inhibited cell migration, invasion, and proliferation, downregulated the expression of Snail, cyclin D1, RhoA, RhoC, and MMP9, and decreased mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) and extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation.
We transfected p21 and p53 tumor suppressor plasmids, into different breast cancer cell lines using inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) of carbonate apatite to evaluate the effect of gene expression on reducing breast cancer cell growth.
Hence, we believe that targeting key protein rRNA methyltransferase FBL shows great potential, due to its pivotal role in ribosome biogenesis, its correlation to an improved survival rate at low expression in breast cancer patients and its association with p53.
Patient survival according to ESR2 expression levels and TP53 mutation status was analyzed in the basal-like TNBC subgroup in the Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (n = 308) and Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center (n = 46) patient cohorts by univariate Cox regression and log-rank test.All statistical tests are two-sided.
Genes encoding proteins that have key functions in the DNA damage response, such as p53 and its inhibitors MDM2 and MDMX, are most likely candidates to harbor allelic variants that influence breast cancer susceptibility.
An additional set of established biomarkers including TP53 for chemotherapy in Luminal breast cancer (p = 1.01E-19, AUC = 0.769), HER2 for trastuzumab therapy (p = 8.4E-04, AUC = 0.629) and PGR for hormonal therapy (p = 8.6E-05, AUC = 0.7), are also endorsed.
Taking into consideration that TP53 mutation prevalence was comparable or even higher in some studies selecting patients with breast cancer onset at older ages or HER2-positive breast cancers, raises the question of whether a very early age of onset is an appropriate single TP53 genetic testing criterion.
Questionnaire data were collected for 152 women with confirmed germline TP53 variants enrolled in the National Cancer Institute's LFS study (NCT01443468); of which, 85 had breast cancer, confirmed by pathology/medical reports.
We hypothesized that high expression of <i>PLK1</i> is associated with TP53 inactivation, DNA repair deficiency, and worse prognosis in ER positive in BC in a large-scale cohort should clarify its clinical relevance for each BC subtype.
Therefore, the present review attempts to address the implication of key enzymes of the aerobic glycolytic pathway including hexokinase (HK), phosphofructokinase (PFK) and pyruvate kinase (PK), glucose transporters (GLUTs), together with related signaling pathways including protein kinase B(PI3K/AKT), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and transcription factors (c-myc, p53 and HIF-1) in the research of BC.
The most important cause of developing hereditary breast cancer is germline mutations occurring in breast cancer (BCs) susceptibility genes, for example, BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53, CHEK2, PTEN, ATM, and PPM1D.