Significant associations with OC were observed in <i>BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51C</i> and <i>RAD51D.</i> Other homologous recombination genes, <i>BARD1, NBN,</i> and <i>PALB2,</i> were not significantly associated with OC.
Possible inconsistency in the ratio of BRCA1-to-BRCA2 mutations and the most common mutation between KoOC and KoBC may probably suggest presence of mutation sequence-associated penetrance tendency in hereditary Korean breast and ovarian cancer.
Further, the expression of SOX9, β-catenin, and c-Myc in OC tissues was upregulated and inversely correlated with miR-34c expression, indicating that rescuing miR-34c expression, thus to inhibit SOX9, β-catenin, and c-Myc expression presents a promising strategy of reducing the chemoresistance of the OC cell to DDP.
Germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes predispose carriers to breast and ovarian cancer, and there remains a need to identify the specific genomic mechanisms by which cancer evolves in these patients.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA (and Real-time PCR techniques were used to measure the expression level of anti-carcinogenic genes, such as p53, retinoblastoma (RB), breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA1, BRCA2) and inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB), and different interleukins [ILs] (IL-1,IL6, and IL-17).
Platinum-free interval ≥ 12 months, complete response and normalized CA-125 levels after ultimate platinum-based chemotherapy are associated with prolonged PFS and OS in relapsing BRCA1/BRCA2 mutated ovarian cancer patients who received olaparib as maintenance therapy.
Testing for variation in BRCA1 and BRCA2 (commonly referred to as BRCA1/2), has emerged as a standard clinical practice and is helping countless women better understand and manage their heritable risk of breast and ovarian cancer.