Transwell assays showed that 5a could significantly inhibit the invasion and migration of I-10 cells at 2.5 μM, which was further confirmed by the western blotting experiments with down-regulation of the HIF-1α and its associated downstream proteins MMP-2 and MMP-9.
EVTs isolated from first trimester placentas were exposed to cobalt chloride (CoCl<sub>2</sub>), a HIF-1α stabilizer and hypoxia mimetic, and miR-210 expression by qPCR, HIF1α protein levels by western blot and cell invasion were assessed.
In conclusion, fascin‑1 was upregulated by HIF‑1α, and promoted the invasion and migration of HSCC cells; therefore, fascin‑1 may provide a potential target for the treatment of invasion and metastasis in HSCC.
In PC cell lines, FEZF1-AS1 acted as an oncogene via promoting PC cell proliferation and invasion through miR-142/HIF-1α axis under hypoxic condition; however, FEZF1-AS1 failed to affect the protein levels of HIF-1α and VEGF under the normoxic condition, suggesting the existence of another signaling pathway under normoxic condition.
To provide insight into the therapeutic potential of PHD3 in lung cancer, this study examined the effects of PHD3 expression on HIF-1α and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), as well as on lung cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion.
The key glycolytic transcriptional regulators (HIF-1α, p53) were analyzed in parallel to the glycolysis-related proteins, and the pooled results identified that high-level expression of HIF-1α was significantly associated with shorter overall survival (HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.42-0.79, P < 0.001) Furthermore, glycolysis-related proteins linked with poor differentiated tumors (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.46-2.25, P < 0.001), positive lymph node metastasis (OR 2.73, 95% CI 2.16-3.46, P < 0.001), positive vascular invasion (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.37-3.07, P < 0.001), large tumor size (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.80-2.37, P < 0.001), advanced tumor stage (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.19-2.09, P < 0.001), and deeper invasion (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.93-2.91, P < 0.001).
Also, the acidic microenvironment triggered the activation of HIF-1α and HIF-2α and stimulated exosomal miR-21 and miR-10b expression substantially promoting HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion both <i>in vivo</i> and <i>in vitro</i>.
This pathway may reprogram mitochondrial dynamics to differentially adjust energy production or promote tumor cell invasion in response to microenvironment conditions.-Wang, Y., Agarwal, E., Bertolini, I., Ghosh, J. C., Seo, J. H., Altieri, D. C. IDH2 reprograms mitochondrial dynamics in cancer through a HIF-1α-regulated pseudohypoxic state.
Moreover, PFB@PLLA loads high amount of oxygen and US-triggering PFB@PLLA reoxygenation effectively inhibits the expression of hypoxia-related proteins (HIF-1α and CAIX), reduces lactate secretion and glycolysis, which modulates hypoxic microenvironment and inhibits cancer cell migration and invasion in vitro.
Knockdown miR-21 increased the expression of VHL, and thus modulated the HIF-1α/VEGF pathway and the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, which led to the inhibition of the proliferation, migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells.