In breast tumors, PD-L1 expression levels are the highest in estrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (triple-negative) cancers.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved in February 2019, SQ trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody that binds to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) protein in combination with hyaluronidase, offers an alternative dosage form for patients with breast tumors overexpressing HER2.
Compared with non-carriers, PALB2 pathogenic mutation carriers developed breast cancer at a younger age (47.52 years vs. 51.35 years, p = 0.016) and were more likely to have triple-negative (24.1% vs. 13.4%, p = 0.022) or HER2 negative (87.0% vs. 74.2%, p = 0.031) breast cancer and large breast tumors (> 2 cm) at diagnosis (72.2% vs. 57.0%, p = 0.024).
IMPLICATIONS: This study demonstrates these functional fluorescent probes' ability to report metabolic adaptations during primary tumor growth, regression, residual disease, and regrowth in Her2breast tumors.
<b>Purpose:</b> To evaluate the ability of texture analysis of breast dynamic contrast enhancement-magnetic resonance (DCE-MR) images in differentiating human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) 2+ status of breast tumors.
We aimed to develop a long-acting delivery system for Herceptin, a HER2-targeting antibody, using injectable and thermosensitive hydrogels as the carrier to prevent the local relapse of HER2+ breast tumors while minimizing systemic side effects, especially cardiotoxicity.
Immunohistochemical testing for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal receptor factor-2 (HER-2), and Ki-67 proliferation index is performed daily to categorize breast tumors into different molecular subtypes.
Ninety five (52.5%) patients experienced axillary downstaging after PST, by molecular subtype 15% (3/20) in Luminal A, 46.4% (45/97) in Luminal B, 90.9% (20/22) in HER2+ and 70.3% (26/37) in triple negative breast tumours.
We observed that triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and HER2+ non-luminal breast tumors were associated with more numerous CTLs and Tregs and a higher Treg/Th2 cell ratio as compared with luminal A subtype.
Comprehensive biomarker analysis of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2, and Ki67 labeling index was performed on each tissue block of 100 entirely submitted breast tumors in 99 patients.
To assess for clonal replacement, we devise a summary statistic based on whole-exome sequencing of a pre-treatment biopsy and multi-region sampling of the post-treatment surgical specimen and apply this measure to five breast tumors treated with neoadjuvant HER2-targeted therapy.