We used conditional transgenic mice induced to overexpress GLI1 in the mammary epithelium either alone or in combination with deletion of one Trp53 allele to address the role of elevated GLI1 expression in breast tumour initiation and progression.
A total of 787 invasive breast tumors included in a clinically annotated multiethnic population-based tissue microarray (TMA) were screened utilizing commercially available antibodies to p53 and MDM2, and a newly developed monoclonal antibody recognizing MDM2-C.
The p53 DNA is transported into the nucleus by the aid of the cationic protamine and thus generates expression of the p53 protein that enhances apoptosis combined with CytoC. p53/C-rNC/L-FA is demonstrated to significantly induce tumor cell apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth in the orthotopic breast tumor mouse model.
Nuclear expression of CHEK1 was present in 61% of breast tumours and was associated with tumour size, triple-negative cancer, basal-like phenotype, the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, p53 over-expression, DNA homologous repair pathway dysfunction, and poor prognosis.
By an in silico approach we identified miR-30a as a putative p53 target and observed that in breast tumors reduced miR-30a expression correlated with p53 inactivation, lymph node positivity and poor prognosis.
This study aimed to objectively determine optimal thresholds for p53 positivity by manual and automated scoring methods using whole tissue sections from the Carolina Breast Cancer Study. p53-immunostained slides were available for 564 breast tumors previously assayed for TP53 mutations.