Between June 2014 and May 2015, 168 plasma samples were collected monthly from 20 patients with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation receiving gefitinib therapy.
In the current study, the authors evaluated their experience with the identification of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutation, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement using cytological specimens of primary and metastatic lung adenocarcinoma.
Successful treatment of a patient with Li-Fraumeni syndrome and metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring synchronous EGFRL858R and ERBB2 extracellular domain S310F mutations with the pan-HER inhibitor afatinib.
The studies, phase III study of afatinib or cisplatin plus pemetrexed in patients with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutations (LUX-Lung 3) and a randomized, open-label, phase III study of BIBW 2992 versus chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with stage IIIB or IV adenocarcinoma of the lung harbouring an EGFR activating mutation (LUX-Lung 6) investigated first-line afatinib versus platinum-based chemotherapy in epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) mutation-positive patients with NSCLC and included patients with brain metastases; prespecified subgroup analyses are assessed in this article.
We identified oncogenic and drug-sensitive EGFR-KDD that is recurrent in lung, brain, and soft-tissue cancers and documented that a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring the EGFR-KDD derived significant antitumor response from treatment with the EGFR inhibitor afatinib.
Our study confirmed the efficacy and safety of first line erlotinib monotherapy in Caucasian patients with locally advanced or metastatic lung adenocarcinoma carrying activating EGFR mutations based on the screening with the approved companion diagnostic procedure.
We focused on 21 female patients with advanced/metastatic lung adenocarcinoma who received gefitinib 250 mg/day (expanded access) or erlotinib 150 mg/die as second/third-line therapy; partial response was associated with classic epidermal growth factor receptor mutations (p=0.006) and with a non-smoking history (p=0.02).
Combined, these findings define a novel transcriptional network regulating oncogenic EGFR signaling and identify a class of FDA-approved drugs as capable of restoring chemosensitivity to anti-EGFR-based therapy for the treatment of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma.
In this article we present a case of a patient suffering from a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with an activating mutation on diagnosis, initially responding to treatment with erlotinib, who subsequently developed a secondary resistance due to acquiring the T790M mutation in exon 20 of the EGFR gene.