This CLN-Ohi-MB biochip could quantify single-point mutations in KRAS mRNA (G12C, G12D, G12V) in pancreatic cancer cell-derived EVs and single-point mutations in EGFR mRNA (L858R and T790M) in lung cancer cell-derived EVs with high specificity, not achievable by conventional molecular probes.
To further access a physiological role of MALT1-dependent NF-κB activation in EGFR-driven tumor progression, we generated triple-transgenic mouse model (tetO-EGFR(L858R); CCSP-rtTA; Malt1(-/-)), in which mutant EGFR-driven lung cancer was developed in the absence of MALT1 expression.
Two weeks after induction with doxycycline, mice that express the EGFR(L858R) allele show diffuse lung cancer highly reminiscent of human bronchioloalveolar carcinoma and later develop interspersed multifocal adenocarcinomas.
We detected the epidermal growth factor receptor L858R, MSH2 R929* and telomerase reverse transcriptase amplification in the lung cancer specimen; CDH1 c.1320+1G>T mutation in the gastric cancer (GC) specimen; and MLH1 c.1896+5G>A germline mutation in the lung and GC specimens by 450 cancer-related gene mutations detection using next-generation sequencing technology.
We identified a reference range for EGFR L858R and exon 19 deletions in specimens from KRAS-mutant lung cancer, allowing identification of candidate thresholds with high sensitivity and 100% specificity.