The SNP (rs3995090) in HTR4 was associated with COPD (adjusted P = 0.022) in never-smokers, and the SNP (rs2070600) in AGER was associated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 %) predicted (β = -0.066, adjusted P = 0.016) and FEV1 /forced vital capacity (β = -0.071, adjusted P = 0.009) in all subjects.
Haplotype analysis revealed that haplotype T-A-G-T (allele order: rs1800625, rs1800624, rs2070600, rs184003) was significantly associated with a reduced COPD risk (OR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.06-0.60), and haplotype T-A-A-G was significantly associated with a reduced asthma risk (OR=0.19, 95% CI: 0.04-0.96).
The rs2070600 SNP may be associated with the development of human autoimmune disease, diabetes complications, cancer, and lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Our study demonstrated that the frequencies of the GS genotype and the S allele in the G82S mutation were significantly higher in COPD patients than in controls (odds ratios [OR]=1.70, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-2.50, p=0.0098 and OR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.06-1.91, p=0.023, respectively).
COPDGene studies have revealed that some of the COPD genome-wide association study polymorphisms are strongly associated with blood biomarkers (e.g., rs2070600 in <i>AGER</i> is a pQTL [protein quantitative trait locus] for sRAGE), underscoring the importance of combining omics results.
We included three SNPs previously associated with COPD: rs7671167 (FAM13A), rs13180 (IREB2), and rs8034191 (CHRNA 3/5), and four SNPs associated with lung function in a genome-wide association study of general population samples: rs2070600 (AGER), rs11134242 (ADCY2), rs4316710 (THSD4), and rs17096090 (INTS12).